Proxy released 3/11/2015
If early proxies are an indication, CEO salary increases are a theme this year. On July 1, 2014, CEO Moghadam received a $100,000 salary increase. His bonus was also up, but the company provides a clear table that includes key performance measures, target, actually enabling shareholders to get a clearer understanding of compensation. The CEO exchanged 100% of his bonus for shares, as he has done for the last three years. Some shareholders may have concern that the incentive to do so – the value of equity awards is equal to 125% of the exchanged bonus – may be overgenerous.
Proxy released 3/10/2015
Pay is up for Jeffrey Immelt at GE. Immelt’s base salary increased from $3.46 to $3.76 million, and his cash bonus and cash bonus each increased, his salary from $3.46 to $3.75 million, and his cash bonus 8% to $5.4 million. The bonus is based on compensation committee judgement rather than a formula. The value of stock awards is down though, and overall total disclosed pay would have been down slightly over-all – at $18,855,141 — were it not for the $18 million increase reported under “change in pension value and deferred compensation earnings.” The company is quick to point out that this figure is based on actuarial assumptions including new longer life expectancies. It is very true that this isn’t money he takes home this year, but Immelt’s total retirement package is very real. His pension is valued at over $72 million, with deferred compensation at over $10 million. So with total disclosed compensation of $37,250,774 Immelt takes an early lead for the highest paid CEO on our list.
Changes in performance shares: General Electric’s proxy statement illustrates an all too common problem with the pay for performance mantra: too often when performance targets aren’t met, performance metrics are changed. Because of failure to meet metrics prior awards were cancelled. Specifically, “In February 2015, all of the [Performance Share Units]PSUs granted to Mr. Immelt in 2009 (with a $2.3 million grant date fair value) and all of the stock options granted to Mr. Immelt in 2010 (with a $7.4 million grant date fair value) were cancelled under the terms of the grants because GE did not achieve the specified TSR and Industrial CFOA performance conditions.”
Given those failures the board made changes going forward. For example, the prior four grants of PSUs each included a measure to “meet or exceed S&P TSR” as one of the metrics. In awards for 2014 that metric is gone. The compensation committee says there is a relative TSR modifier, but in this grant the only metrics are tare total cash and operating margin. Also changed, the board has added a threshold performance level as well as a target, so there’s more gradation rather than an all or nothing payment (note the nothing payment of this year). Immelt will also receive new kinds of equity pay – in the past his equity was made up entirely of PSUs but now it includes stock options (500,000 shares this year). Finally, the performance share period was decreased from four years to three years. Shareholders who hope for a true long term focus may find this to be another reason to be concerned with the pay package at GE.
Proxy released 3/9/2015
Big bonus at IBM: The board approved annual incentive at 90% of her $4 million target for CEO Virginia Rometty, for a total of $3.6 million. Last year Rometty recommended forgoing her annual bonus. For 2014, as noted in the proxy statement, “Financial results were lower than target.” Notably, the company’s revenue declined, net income and free cash flow also declined.
The proxy discloses that the overall funding for the annual incentive plan was to be based 60% on operating net income, 20% on revenue growth, and 20% on free cash flow, but does not state the actual targets and whether they were achieved. However, it notes that: “the Compensation Committee approved an upward adjustment to the score in light of strong results in client satisfaction and workforce development in support of the Company’s transformation.”
The repositioning and investment in research by the board and management may well be wise choices resulting in a significant transformation. If so, CEO Virginia Rometty will be handsomely rewarded with the increased value of her options and performance share units. An annual incentive, however, is designed — in the words of the proxy statement — to ‘motivate strong short-term business performance.’ IBM shareholders may balk at this bonus. These decision may pay off in the long run, in which case that is when the rewards should be paid.
No matter how IBM shareholders fare this year, Rometty will do fine. Her base salary for 2015 has been increased to $1.6 million, and her target annual incentive has been increased from $4 million to $5 million. Presumably this bonus could also be given despite failure to meet financial goals.
Proxy released 2/19/2015
Pay is down, but issues remain: The pay package for CEO Paal Kibsgaard, is down from last year, with significantly lower stock awards, as well as lower option grant and annual incentive pay for a decline in total disclosed pay of over $4 million. However, the summary compensation table reports a change in pension value of $1,765,398. As noted in the footnotes this represents a change in actuarial value, not a current payment. The footnotes indicate the Kibsgaard received $134,904 in unfunded credits to the Schlumberger Supplementary Benefit Plan. The current value of 47-year-old Kibsgaard’s non-qualified deferred compensation, in the five separate plans in which he participates, is over $.4.4 million. These tax-advantaged retirement savings allow for vast wealth accumulation for the company employee who is least likely to face retirement insecurity.
We also note that the company’s Performance Share Units allow for accelerated vesting in the case of a merger or consolidation, a practice many shareholders object to because it creates incentives for business transactions that may not benefit shareholders.
Finally, while not a compensation issue, it is interesting to note that while many companies adopt the governance practice of separating the positions of chairman and CEO, Schlumberger will be re-combining them after the impending retirement of the current board chair.
The 100 Most Overpaid CEOs: Are Fund Managers Asleep at the Wheel?
CEO pay grew an astounding 997% the past 36 years, vastly outpacing growth in the cost of living, the productivity of the economy, and the stock market.
The second report in the series, The 100 Most Overpaid CEOs: Are Fund Managers Asleep at the Wheel? highlights the forces behind disproportionate pay and the fund managers who continue to approve these pay packages.
Discover which mutual funds and pension funds are most likely to vote in approval of excessive executive compensation in this 2016 edition of The Top 100 Most Overpaid CEOs.
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Unless otherwise noted, all posts are written by Rosanna Landis Weaver, author of The 100 Most Overpaid CEOs and Program Manager of As You Sow’s Executive Compensation initiative. Follow Rosanna on Twitter at @LandisWeaver.